Zoology Field Report Lal Suhanra National Park Bahawalpur Pakistan, Historical Information


Zoology Field Report
Zoology Field Report


Table of contents:

  • Introduction
  • History and geography
  • Wildlife at Lal Suhanra
  • Types of wildlife
  • Desert animals
  • Forest animals
  • Mammals
  • Birds
  • Reptiles
  • Floral species


Lal Suhanra is a national park situated/located in Bhawalpur district of Punjab. It is the largest national park/playground in South Asia. The area is 153000 acre. There is a big lack in the center of the park called “Patisar Lake”.
History and geography
Lal Suhanra is declared as a national park on 26 October 2972. The park comprised an area of 657.9 km² of which 29,932 acres of desert and 8,488 were irrigated forest and 1,934 were a reservoir.
Wildlife at Lal Suhanra
Many species of animals are found throughout the park. The wildlife includes desert animals like rabbits, cats, and bustards.
  • Reptiles are monitored lizard, Indian cobra, wolf, and snakes.
  • 160 species of birds including hawks, hen, owl, bark, etc.
  • Patisar lake, a large water area in the park is reg regulatory between 10,000 to 30,000 ducks and common roots.
Monitor lizard
  • Monitor lizards are large reptiles.
  • Some are of snail size like 20 cms.
  • They are large lizards in Genus Varanus.
  • 79 species are recognized.
They have long necks, powerful tails, claws, and well-developed limbs.
Indian Cobra
The Indian cobra is also known as Spectacled cobra, Asian cobra or binucleate cobra.
  • It’s species of genus Naja.
  • It’s found in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan.
  • The four species that inflict most snake species are found in Pakistan.


  • The owl is birds from the order Strigiformes which include 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal.
  • It has a large broad head, binocular vision, binaural hearing, sharp talons, and feathers adapted for silent flight.
Bustards are large terrestrial birds living in dry grassland areas and the steppes of the old world.
  • They include Floricans and Korhaans.
  • They range in length from 40-150cm (16-59in).
  • They make up the family “otitidae”.
Red fox
The red fox is largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of order Carnivora.
  • It is present in entire Nothern hemisphere, North America and Eurasia.
  • The genus is Vulpes.
  • Mongooses are popular species in 14 genera of the family Herpestidae.
  • They are small feliform carnivores native to Southern Eurasia and mainland Africa.
  • The marsh mongoose weight is 2-5-5 kg.
  • White-tailed mongoose is about 2-9-4-2 kg.
  • Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae and order Lagomorphs.
  • Rabbits are found all over the world there are about eight different genera in the family of classified rabbits.
  • Various colors and other variations are present in them.
  • Deer is antelope species.
  • Deer belongs to the subcontinent of India.
  • Its been classified as near to change, danger so deer are being bred in Pakistan.
  • About 400 deers are found in the park.
  • Rhinoceros often abbreviated as rhores.
  • It is a special group of five extinct species of odd toads ungulates in the family of Rhinocerotidae.
  • Two species are native to Africa and three to South Asia.
  • They are forest animals.
Black Bucks
  • Blackbuck is a species native to the Indian subcontinent.
  • Its been classified as near to threat by IUCN since 2003.
  • The range of blackbuck decreased sharply in the 20th century.
Chinkara Gazelle
  • The chinkara and Indian gazelle is a special species found in Asia.
  • It lives in the grassland desert areas and rain forest.
  • Its found in India, Bangladesh, parts of Iran and Pakistan.
Floral Species
After the explanation of total areas, 56 plants species belonging to 20 families of plants.
The largest family was Rosaceae with 19 grass species including:
  • Rosa Indica
  • Prunus Persica
  • Prunus Armeniaca

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