Araceae: Arum Family General Characters, Distribution and Types

Araceae Arum Family Characteristics, Floral formula, Floral Diagram And Economic Importance

The Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family Angiospermic Plants Family, commonly known as the arum family, is a diverse group/combination of flowering plants that includes/consists both ornamental (having pleasant smell; used for scented purposes) and economically vital members/species.

Diagnostic Characters of Family Araceae:

Diagnostic characters of the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family include:

1. Inflorescence Type:
Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family plants typically have a unique inflorescence structure/framework called a spadix, which is a fleshy spike (thorny).
The spadix is mostly surrounded by a modified leaf called a spathe, which sometimes in rare members of this family colorful and attract pollinators.

2. Flowers:
The flowers of Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family are often small/tiny and are densely organized on the spadix.
Many species are unisexual (having single sex on flower), and some plants may have separate male and female flowers (are’nt bisexual).

3. Leaves:
Leaves of Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family plants are generally simple and can be variable in shape/structure.
Some species of this family have large, visible leaves, while others may have smaller -tiny, inconspicuous ones.

4. Presence of Stinging Soft Hairs:
Some members of the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family , such as the genus *Colocasia*, may have stinging hairs (spikes) on the leaves, causing skin irritation while contact.

5. Growth Habit:
Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family members exhibit a variety of growth/regeneration habits (manners), including herbaceous perennials and some climbing or epiphytic memberss.

6. Aromatic Compounds:
Many species in the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family family produce aromatic compounds (that are used in perfumes for scenty purposes), which can contribute/take-part to their distinctive odors.

7. Storage Organs:
Some Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family plants have specialized storage organs/parts like; i- tubers ii- or rhizomes.

Floral Formula of Family Araceae:

Floral Formula of Family Araceae

Floral Diagram of Family Araceae:

Floral Diagram of Family Araceae

Economic Importance of Family Araceae:

The Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family is a group of flowering plants commonly known as the arum family. This family is economically very vital for several reasons:

1. Ornamental Plants:
Many species of the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family are popular/famous as ornamental plants. Examples include the Peace Lily scientifically known as Spathiphyllum, Anthurium, and Philodendron. These plants are valued because of their attractive appearances and unique flowers, making them popular members for indoor and outdoor landscaping.

2. Edible Plants:

Some members of the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family family have edible characters. For e.g., the tubers or corms of some taro plants (Colocasia esculenta) are a staple food in many tropical zones/regions of the world. Taro is an important dietary product for millions of people living in; i- Asia, ii- Africa, iii- and the Pacific.

3. Traditional Medicine:

In many cultures, certain Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family plants have been utilize for pharmaceutical/ medicinal purposes. Extracts from various parts of these plants may have potential therapeutic characters/properties, although scientific research on higher scale is required to validate these claims.

4. Bioremediation:

Some species within the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family are known for their tendancy to absorb and accumulate heavy metals from the soil easily. This property makes them vital in phytoremediation, a mechanism that uses plants to clean up contaminated environments of the surroundings.

5. Horticulture and Floriculture:

The Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family contributes to the horticulture and floriculture agriculture industries by giving a huge range of attractive and interesting plants for cultivation. Plant enthusiasts and collectors often seek out rare or exotic Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family members to grow in gardens or greenhouses parks etc.

6. Research and Education:

Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family plants are studied by biologists, botanists (who studies about plants), researchers, and educators to understand their biology, ecology, and evolutionary history (ancient history). These studies contribute to our broader understanding of plant diversity and evolution.

7. Biotechnology:

Some species of the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family have been subjects of biotechnological research, including genetic studies or researches aimed at improving specific traits such as disease resistance or crop yield.

While the economic importance of the Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family may not be as extensive as some major Angiospermic crop families of plants, its members play valuable roles in: i- horticulture, iii- landscaping, iv- traditional practices, and certain niche industries.

Pattern of distribution of Family Araceae:

The family Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family is a diverse family of flowering plants that includes a wide variety of species, many of which are popular because of their ornamental plants. Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family is very popular for its unique inflorescence called a spathe / spadix, which is characteristic of this family. Here are some common patterns / features of distribution for the family Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family:

1. Tropical and Subtropical Regions:
Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family is predominantly found in tropical and subtropical zones around the globe. These areas typically provide the warm / hot and humid conditions that many Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family species prefer.

2. Rainforests:
Many Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family species are native to rainforests zones, where the high humidity (air pressure) and consistent warmth create ideal situations for their growth. e.g. include the genera Anthurium and Philodendron.

3. Epiphytic Habit:
Certain Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family species are epiphytic, meaning they grow on other plants without getting food and nutrients from them. These plants are often located in tropical rainforests areas, where they may attach themselves to tree trunks or branches.

4. Aquatic Habitats:
Some Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family species, such as water lilies (genus Nymphaea), are adapted to aquatic envirements/habitats. These plants are exits in ponds, lakes, and slow-moving streams as well.

5. Terrestrial Habitats:
Many Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family species grow in terrestrial habitats, including forest floors and well-drained (clain) soils. i.e. include some members of Arisaema and Colocasia.

6. Worldwide Distribution:
The family Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family has a global distribution, with species found/exits on every continent except Antarctica. However, they are most diverse and abundant in tropical zones.

8. Variable Growth Forms:
– Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family includes a wide range of growth forms, including: i- herbs, ii- shrubs, iii- and vines. This diversity in growth habits contributes to their adaptability to various ecological zones.

9. Adaptation to Low Light Conditions:
– Many Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family species have adaptations that permit them to thrive in low light conditions, making them well-suited for the understory of forests where direct exposure of sunlight is very limited.

In short, the family Araceae Angiospermic Plants Family exhibits a huge distribution pattern with a concentration in tropical and subtropical zones of the world. The family members are adapted to various habitats, including rainforests, aquatic environments, and terrestrial ecosystems, making them a diverse and adaptable plant family.

Common species of Family Araceae:

  • Anthurium:

Anthurium andraeanum commonly known as Flamingo Flower, Laceleaf.

Anthurium scherzerianum commonly known as Flamingo Flower.

  • Spathiphyllum:

Spathiphyllum spp. commonly known as Peace Lily.

  • Zamioculcas:

Zamioculcas zamiifolia commonly known as ZZ plant.

  • Epipremnum:

Epipremnum aureum commonly known as Devil’s Ivy, Pothos.

  • Colocasia:

Colocasia esculenta commonly known as Taro.

  • Cryptocoryne:

Cryptocoryne spp. commonly known as the Water Trumpet.

Read the more angiospermic families of plants:

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