Solanaceae or nightshades: The buttercup family Characters, Distribution and Types


Diagnostic characters of Solanaceae 


yearly biennial or perpetual herbs or little tree. 


sinewy or tuberous spigot root. 


herbaceous or nsood. from time to time underground stem tuber 


petiolate; trade or opposite; straightforward; exstipulate; 


terminal or sidelong cyme or singular. 


pedicellate; ebracteate; actinomorphic or zygomorphic; conventional; complete; bisexual; hypogynous; calyx: five sepals; combined gamosepalous green; as often as possible a ton broadened inside the natural product. 


five petals; gamopetalous; chime shaped or channel framed. 


five stamens; epipetalous; anther free or joined together; basifixed carpel: bicarpellary; syncarpous; ovary predominant; at a slant found; bilocular every so often become multilocular by methods for the development of phony septum. placentation axile. 

Final product/fruit:

pill or berry 


endospermic seed.


Floral formula and floral Diagram of Solanaceae


Economic Importance of Solanaceae


Many plants of this circle of relatives are used as food. Solanum tubersum potato-white or Irish potato it is a vital plant in this own family. it’s miles used as food. the humans of Ireland absolutely rely on potato for food. 

Lysopersicum esculentum:

Tomato as soon as it changed into believed to be a toxic plant. now it is used as a vegetable. 

Solanum melangena:

Egg plant or brinjak it’s also used as food. 

capsicum annum and capsicum frutenscens are rich in nutrition c and nutrition a. they are used as condiments

Physalis: (4-fly ground-Cherry): it creates a consumable herbal product. This herbal product is encased in a bladder like a calyx called husk. So it’s far referred to as husk tomato. 

Tobacco: Nicotiana tobacum (tobacco) has first rate enterprise esteem. It leaves are dried and made into tobacco. This tobacco is utilized for making cigarettes. 

Therapeutic flowers: Many individuals from this own family produce extraordinary alkaloids . E.G.Atropa belladonna, Datura are wealthy in atropine and daturines. These are applied in numerous medications. 

Complicated flora: Many vegetation are evolved inside the plant enclosures for their outstanding blossoms. Precedents: Petunia, Nicotiana, Cestrum and Solanum and so forth. 

Weeds: some plant life are weeds, for instance Solanum nigrum

Distribution pattern of Solanaceae

“This family has around 90 genera and 2000 species. Those blooms are dispensed in calm and tropical zones. 14 genera and 52 types of this claim family are found in Pakistan.

Common species of solanaceae

  • ➭ Nocotiana tobaeum: Tobacco
  • ➭ Lycopersicum esculentum: Tomato [tamater]
  • ➭ Solanum melangena:(egg plant or brinjal) [wataoon]
  • ➭ Solanum tubersum: Potato [Aalou]
  • ➭ Capsicum frutescens: Red pepper [Ratti mirch]

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