Phylum Kinorhyncha – A Clade of Different Phomoraria Classes



Phylum Kinorhyncha, also known as Physa cavernosa, is a microscopic division of the skin. It is comprised mainly of two sheets, the first of which is called the parietal sheet. This sheet is the thicker of the two and contains muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, and a small intestine. The thicker parietal sheet has three to nine ridges running across its length. The other sheet is much thinner and only consists of one ridge along its length. The inner surface of the second pharynx separates the pharynx from the anus.

Kinorhyncha includes two subspecies

Phylum Kinorhyncha also includes two subspecies. The first is Echinodera, a subspecies of the family Alloechidae that has a typical architecture with four paired rhizomes (or “appearance” units) and a single prothallium. The other subspecies in the family are the Cattleyea or more commonly known as C. coccineum, the Phomopsis, or more commonly known as Phomorphia, and the Cimicifera. All three subspecies share the common features of having a short, pear-shaped body with two large “legs”, a pair of leafy wings covered with hairs and having a long tongue.

Structure and anatomy of Phylum Kinorhyncha

The body structure and anatomy of Phylum Kinorhyncha vary significantly between the three subspecies. The Phomorphia or Cimicifera has a typical eel-like body shape with long, segmented leaves. Its primary dorsal vein exits through the anterior region of its body, while the anal vein exits through the anal gland. Its caudal rays are arranged in a linear fashion along its entire length. It possesses a short tail, although it can grow longer. The Phomorphia species of the Kinorhyncha is among the most beautiful flowers known to nature, with the flowers ranging in color from white to purple.

Orders of Kinorhyncha have reproductive arrangements

The other two orders of Kinorhyncha have reproductive arrangements that are completely different. The Cimicifera has only one pair of paired stamen (or “seeds”) forming a gonopodium. One of the pairs is enclosed within a capsule that serves as an ovary. This capsule eventually becomes a female reproductive organ called an ova. The Phomorphia species has a single pair of paired stamen (or “ectopian tubes”), while the Cimicifera has three pairs. This allows the Phomorphia species to develop into either an adult or a baby.

Freshwater habitats

Like all cichlids, the Phomorphia are found only in freshwater habitats. Only a few of the world’s lakes and rivers contain Phomorphia. Because of their exclusive requirement for a freshwater habitat, the Phomorphia live in very small bodies of water, such as puddles, lakes, and even sub-tropical ponds. The majority of Phomorphia are now threatened by over-exploitation and over-watering. If you wish to raise Phomorphia, keep them in a spacious tank with soft, gravel substrate, and make sure the pH of the water is around 7.

marine invertebrates

While it is not exactly true that there are no marine invertebrates in Phomorphia, there are only a few species of Phomorphia that are truly echinodera. Echinodera is a group of marine invertebrates that include several species of the Phomoraria class. Echinodera are parasitic on crustaceans, fish, and squids. They are small enough to hide under rocks or other substrates, and they can survive in low oxygen water.


There are two recognized kinds of Phomoraria, the ciliates and the anemone. The ciliates belong to the Kingdom Protista, while the anemone belongs to the Kingdom Colchicornia. In fact, all Phomoraria belong to the same class of organism, however they are distributed geographically and spanned a large area. The most common Phomoraria are found in shallow waters of the Pacific Ocean. This is because the Phomoraria genus is actually separated into six suborders. The six suborders are commonly referred to as Phylum, Class, Order, Suborder, Family, and Genus.


The largest suborder of Phomoraria is the Phylum Cimiciformes. Some members of this suborder are known as grayish colored ciliate that live on cork bark. However, they are not cork bark corals and are not truly cormorants. In fact, these ciliates belong to the sister group of the Anemone genus. Two other suborders are Phylum Nitrophthalma and Phylum Sinarialis.

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