Angina: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment



Angina is a common chest pain that can significantly impact your quality of life. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of angina. From diagnosis to treatment, this post has everything you need to know.


What is Angina?


Angina is a chest pain that can occur due to coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is a condition in which the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed. This can lead to angina, since the heart has to work harder to pump blood. Angina may also be caused by other medical conditions, such as heart failure, obesity, or diabetes.


Different Types of Angina


There are many different types of angina, which can be caused by various factors. Angina is a chest pain that typically lasts for more than 30 seconds and is accompanied by a tightness in the chest or difficulty breathing. It can occur during any activity, but is especially common during strenuous exercise or when lifting heavy objects. If you experience angina, it’s important to consult with your doctor to determine the cause and get treatment. There are a few key things you can do to reduce your risk of developing angina:


Stay physically active: exercise helps to improve blood flow and reduces stress levels, both of which are associated with an increased risk of heart disease.


Cut down on fatty foods and unhealthy drinks: diets high in saturated fat and cholesterol have been linked with an increased risk of heart disease.


Maintain a healthy weight: being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and other health problems.


Symptoms of Angina


If you experience chest pain, shortness of breath, or sweating when you exercise, you may have angina. Angina is a condition in which the heart muscle feels like it’s not getting enough blood. The most common cause of angina is a narrowed artery in your heart. This can happen because of atherosclerosis, a build-up of plaque on the inner walls of your arteries. Other causes include coronary artery disease (the most common type of heart disease), myocardial infarction (a sudden collapse of part of the heart), and obesity.


The symptoms of angina can vary from person to person. Symptoms may include:


  • Chest pain that is usually worse during vigorous activity, such as walking or running
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Slight dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Dizziness upon standing up from a sitting or lying position


How to Diagnose Angina


The hallmark symptoms of angina are chest pain and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include sweating, nausea, vomiting, or lightheadedness. If you experience these symptoms and they are severe, you may need to go to the hospital.


There is no one definitive test for diagnosing angina. Your doctor will likely start by asking about your medical history and examining your chest. If the person experiencing angina has heart disease, he or she may be referred for a cardiac stress test, in which an echocardiogram (an image of the heart) is used to determine if the person has coronary artery disease.


If you have angina, your doctor may recommend medication to help improve your symptoms. This can include beta blockers (such as atenolol), calcium channel blocking agents (amlodipine or nifedipine), nitrates (such as isosorbide dinitrate or nitroglycerin), antiplatelet agents (aspirin), or a group of medications known as thrombolytics ( such as alteplase). Surgery may also be recommended in cases where drugs don’t work well enough or when there is damage to the heart muscle due to coronary artery disease.


How to Treat Angina


There are many possible causes of angina, but the most common ones are coronary artery disease and heart failure. Other causes can include blood clots, aortic aneurysms, and stenosis.


Angina is usually caused by the narrowing of the coronary arteries due to atherosclerosis (a build-up of plaque). This can be due to factors such as high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity, and age. Angina may also occur as a result of myocardial infarction (heart attack), where the damage to the heart has resulted in obstruction of the coronary arteries.


The symptoms of angina depend on the type of obstruction present. The most common symptom is chest pain that may radiate to one or both arms or down the back. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, sweating, red face, nausea or vomiting, and weakness.


Angina can often be effectively treated with medication such as aspirin or nitroglycerin. If treatment doesn’t work then surgery may be necessary to remove the blockage in the arteries.




If you’re experiencing chest pain that lasts more than a few minutes, and doesn’t go away with rest or heart medication, it might be time to see a doctor. Angina is a condition in which the heart feels like it’s “working too hard,” and can lead to shortness of breath, lightheadedness, sweating, or nausea. There are many causes of angina, but most typically it develops as the result of atherosclerosis (a build-up of plaque on the inner walls of arteries). If left untreated, angina can progress and cause serious complications such as stroke or heart attack. Fortunately, there are many treatment options available that can help get your life back on track. If you think you may have angina, talk to your doctor about what steps you should take next.

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